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Parkia filicoidea (Mkundi)

Known locally as Mkundi. It is known in English as African locust bean.


From the Useful Tropical Plants Database

Parkia filicoidea Welw. ex Oliv seeds, fruit pulp and leaves are used to prepare numerous foods and drinks, and to feed livestock and poultry. It is particularly valued for its fermentescible seeds. 

It is a medium-sized legume tree that reaches 20-30 m high. Seeds can be roasted to make a coffee substitute known as “Sudan coffee”.

Seed pulp is traditionally consumed, it makes valuable baby food and is used to make a refreshing drink. The leaves can be boiled, mixed with cereal flour and eaten as vegetables. Flower buds are edible and added to salads.

Fruit pulp, foliage and seeds of the African locust bean can also be used to feed livestock and poultry. The flowers are attractive to bees and a good source of nectar. The African locust bean trees are suitable for beehives.

The wood is used in light constructions, poles, mortars, and many kinds of furniture and utensils. It is valuable firewood and provides pulp to make paper. The bark has many traditional uses in ethnomedicine. A root decoction is reported to treat coccidiosis in poultry. Green pods are used as fish poison to catch fish in rivers. African locust bean trees are used as ornamental. They are useful soil improvers and their leaves provide green manure.


Pertinent features

  • indigenous
  • used medicinally
  • timber is used for furniture making and poles
  • grown in nursery
  • fixes atmospheric nitrogen so good as a shading tree